Structure of an essay

When writing an essay that is meant for academic purposes, it means that one is supposed to design coherent sets of ideas and turn them into a set of reasons given to support an idea. Essays are linear, so they give ideas one after the other and have to be in order. The ideas that the writer is putting should make sense to the person who is reading the essay. The main focus of an essay of that kind can easily anticipate its structure. It forces the reader to need to be aware and the order they require to be present with. For someone's work to be called an essay, it has to have various information, normally found in various parts.

An essay has parts and of which they are subdivided into three:

  • What?
  • How?
  • Why?


“what?” is normally the 1st question that one would predict a reader would ask himself. What proofs in your theses show that the phenomena explained are true? For this question to have an answer, one must first inspect the evidence, hence showing that your claim is true. This “demonstration” or “what” section comes at the beginning of the essay. It usually is after the introduction. Since one is reporting what one has been observing, it is also the part where one can say the most when he is starting to write. 


The person who is reading your essay will need to know if the thesis that your essay claims is true. The question that corresponds is, “how?”: in what ways do the theses rise to the provocation of a set of reasons put forward to oppose an idea? In what ways does the introduction of new materials – there is another way evidence is looked at – other groups of sources – impact the claims that one is making? In a typical case, an essay will have to include at least a section related to “how.” It is a section that generally comes immediately after the “what?”. But one has to be mindful that an essay may have its argument complicated (depending on the length) severally. And that the argument might appear anywhere in the essay.


The person reading your essay will also need to know in your claim what is at stake. What are the reasons for your explanation of phenomena matter to any other person apart from you? This question focuses on the bigger implications of one’s thesis. This question permits the reader to grasp one’s essay within bigger contexts. By answering the question “why?”, the essay you have written will elucidate its significance.

Although you may tackle this part of the question at the start of the essay, the essay’s real explanation is toward the essay’s end. If you skip this part of the essay, the readers will have to conclude that your essay is not finished/incomplete or, to make it worse, pointless.


Writing a good essay takes practice too, for one to be able to write a good one should cast knowledge about the topic that one is writing about. So, if you were looking to write an essay, here is the best guide to structure it and make it the best.

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